The essential scuba diving equipment you need to start diving includes the following: diver’s watch; mask, snorkel and fins; and exposure suit or body insulation like a wetsuit or dry suit; a set of scuba diving regulators; a buoyancy control device or BCD; a dive computer (but this can be a combined diver’s watch-come dive computer). For diving in your own country near to wear you live, you need to also add a weight system and air tanks or diving cylinders too. There’s then other scuba gear to add to your kit as you progress or if you have the money at the outset.
Full face snorkel masks are dangerous because of the “dead Space” and the potential for the build-up of CO2 inside the mask. Deaths of snorkelers have been linked to full face snorkel masks, which is more likely to happen if you buy a cheap, poorly made mask or if these masks are used under duress.
The best tip to stop your mask fogging up is to use baby shampoo. Baby shampoo is easy to apply. Shampoo for babies are gently, so they are easy on the eyes. So that any residue after you rinse your mask is less likely to irritate your eyes as a result. You can find baby shampoos that are hypoallergenic, most tend to be biodegradable, and they are readily available and cheap to buy. Most importantly, baby shampoo works well to clear dive mask fog.
Neither snorkeling nor scuba diving is better than the other. Each activity has its place and even when you learn to scuba dive, you’ll probably still love to snorkel too. One thing you’ll learn as you progress with scuba diving, is that the deeper you go the less colour you’ll see under the water. Whereas when you snorkel and as you are nearer the surface, all the wonderful colours remain. Diving is restricted by the time your air lasts, whereas snorkeling is only limited by the time you choose to stay in the water.
Whether you need a wetsuit in 70-degree water depends on various factors, including personal preference, your tolerance to cold, and the duration of your water activities. In general, 70-degree water is considered relatively warm and may be comfortable for many people without a wetsuit.
The similarities between snorkeling and scuba diving are they both require a mask, snorkel and fins, together with an exposure suit to match the water temperature. Both allow you to enjoy the underwater world and are taught by all major diving organisations.
Non-swimmers cannot scuba dive in The Maldives, as it is a requirement to swim 200 metres (656 feet) to get certified as a scuba diver. You will probably be able to do a try dive in a swimming pool at your resort on “Discover Scuba”, but this will not allow you to dive on the reefs of The Maldives.
Miami Beach snorkeling isn’t that special to snorkel, as it is mostly sandy bottom, but the waters are warm, shallow with mostly good visibility so you can see the seabed. You will see reef fish, crabs and stingrays, and the further you swim from the shoreline the more interesting it becomes.
Red tides in Florida are caused by harmful algae blooms, which can kill fish, can be harmful to humans that swim, snorkel or scuba dive in the sea, or can make the shellfish and molluscs dangerous to eat. Red tides affect Florida in the months of August to November most years.
Clearwater Beach Florida isn’t that special for snorkeling, as it is mostly sandy bottom, but the waters are warm and shallow with mostly good visibility so you can see the seabed. You will see reef fish and hermit crabs and the further you swim from the shoreline the more interesting it becomes.
Folly Beach isn’t good for snorkeling, as the visibility is bad due to a murky thermocline which is caused by pluff mud, the agitation of water caused by wave action and large tidal swings. What adds to the murky water is the many rivers that feed into the sea, which makes snorkeling disappointing.
There are around 40 species of shark at Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, but the most common sharks found off this coast of the USA include spinner sharks, sand tiger sharks, sandbar sharks, bull sharks, blacktip sharks, tiger sharks and great white sharks.