The marine life found in Indonesia is incredible and includes sharks, whales, dugongs, rays, fish, octopus, barrel sponges, hard and soft coral, crabs and lobsters, crocodiles, cuttlefish and squid, sea snakes, giant clams, harlequin and mantis shrimp, jellyfish, nudibranchs, star fish and turtles.
There are rays and manta rays in Indonesia including blue spotted rays, manta rays, mobula rays (devil rays), spotted eagle rays and marble rays. Indonesia now has the second largest manta ray tourism industry in the world and has declared the largest manta ray sanctuary in the world.
There are whales and mammals in Indonesia, including blue whales, Bryde’s whales, dolphins, melon-headed whales, orca (killer whales), pigmy blue whales, pilot whales and sperm whales. But there are also dugongs in Indonesia, which are mammals but not whales.
Some of the most popular fish found in Indonesia include sharks, sunfish, manta rays, moray eels, barracuda, clownfish, crocodile fish, frog fish, grouper, humphead parrotfish, Napoleon wrasse, seahorses and pigmy seahorses, porcupine fish, scorpion fish and trigger fish.
What kind of sharks are in Indonesia? Indonesia is home to many types of shark, with the mostly likely sharks seen as the grey reef shark, blacktip reef shark and whitetip reef shark, along with the wobbegong shark sightings in Raja Ampat and hammerheads at the Ring of Fire in the Banda Sea. But you may also encounter a whale shark, mako shark, thresher shark, epaulette shark, silvertip shark, tiger shark, zebra or leopard shark, mega mouth shark and even a great white shark.
There are no great white sharks in the Red Sea, as whilst the waters in the Red Sea range from 21-30°C (69-29°F), which drops to the great white sharks temperatures range of 12-24°C (54-75 °F), the white sharks would have to swim through the Arabian Sea, which doesn’t drop below 27°C (81°F).