You may be off on a trip to the Mediterranean or to dive the Mediterranean Sea and you want to know if great white sharks (Carcharodon Carcharias) are found there. Let’s take a look…
Are there great white sharks in the Mediterranean? Video evidence and research shows that great white sharks are in the Mediterranean Sea. The water temperature in the Mediterranean ranges from 14-28°C (57.2-82.4°F), which at certain times is the perfect temperature for great white sharks that prefer temperature of 12-24°C (54-75 °F).
The above answer may or may not worry you, depending on if you would like to see great white sharks when you visit or dive the Mediterranean Sea. However, sightings of great white sharks in the Mediterranean are very rare.
If you were in any doubt about great white sharks in the Mediterranean, the following video by Ocearch explains how great white sharks in the Mediterranean Sea are more similar to the white sharks from Japan.
If you would love to dive with great white sharks, one of the best ways to do this is to book yourself on a scuba diving liveaboard that visits Guadalupe Island in Mexico. You can check the latest and best deals on liveaboards using the following window:
However, this is reported in Scientific America:
“Noble says the team was surprised to find that the section of DNA sequenced was identical in three of the four Mediterranean sharks, and showed that they were most closely related to Australian great whites. The team had expected to see more affinity with the nearer Atlantic or western Indian Ocean populations.”Scientific America – Mediterranean sharks are Australian immigrants
Are Mediterranean water temperatures right for great white sharks?
The following table of sea temperatures in the Mediterranean shows how the water temperature is perfect for the great white shark to live. Some of the regions of the Mediterranean are better than others for great whites, for example, places like Gibraltar, Malaga (Spain) and Marseille (France) have the perfect sea water temperature year-round for great white sharks.
Mediterranean water temperatures For Great White Sharks?
|Place in the Med||Average Low Mediterranean Water Temperature||Average High Mediterranean Water Temperature||Months when Mediterranean sea temperature is right for great white sharks|
|Alexandria, Egypt||17||26||November to June|
|Antalya, Turkey||17||28||November to June|
|Athens, Greece||15||24||Year round|
|Barcelona, Spain||13||25||September to July|
|Heraklion, Crete||15||25||September to July|
|Larnaca, Cyprus||17||27||November to June|
|Limassol, Cyprus||17||27||November to June|
|Málaga, Spain||15||23||Year round|
|Malta||15||26||October to July|
|Marseille, France||13||22||Year Round|
|Naples, Italy||14||27||October to June|
|Tel Aviv, Israel||17||28||November to June|
|Valencia, Spain||14||26||September to July|
|Venice, Italy||10||26||September to June|
Great white sharks prefer sea water temperatures between 12-24°C (54-75 °F).
As great white sharks are migratory fish, they will tend to move from region to region. This means that in the areas where the water temperatures are above their preferred range at certain times of the year, white sharks probably move to the cooler regions of the Mediterranean during this time.
For example, the sea water temperature in the Mediterranean Sea near Italy’s Lampedusa Island, which sits between the east coast of Tunisia and Malta, ranges from 14.9-26°C (58.8-78.8 °F), but as the video below shows, great white sharks visit this region of the Mediterranean Sea.
The following video was taken of a great white shark in Lampedus, Italy.
Where in the Mediterranean are great white sharks?
Pregnant females and newly born great white sharks have been sighted in the Sicilian channel in the Mediterranean Sea, near the Italian island of Lampedusa, white sharks have been seen off the coast of Spain near Las Coruna, and have been caught in fishing nets off Turkey, Tunisia and Sicily.
There are some experts that believe the Mediterranean Sea is a great white shark nursery where they give birth and raise their young. It is said by scientists that like Salmon, great white sharks always return to their birthplace.
Is there great white sharks in Turkey?
Great white sharks are in Turkey, as two were captured in fishing nets off Turkey. Turkey has three seas off its coast, which include the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the Aegean Sea, some of which are deep waters. Also, sea water temperatures are right for great white sharks in Turkish waters from November to June.
Are great white sharks in Spain?
There are great white sharks in Spain, as a 5 metre (16.4 feet) great white shark was spotted in Las Coruna in the Spanish region of Galicia. The Galicia region is on the Atlantic coast, rather than the Mediterranean, but the seas water temperatures are right for great white sharks in Malaga, Spain year-round.
Are there great white sharks in Italy?
There are great white sharks in Italy, which is one of the only places in the Mediterranean where there is video evidence of the white sharks presence in the Med and Adriatic sea. A great white shark was seen by a father and son fishing off the coast of Rimini, Italy.
In the following video Italian father and son are visited by a great white shark whilst fishing by boat. The white shark takes chunks out of a tuna they caught earlier the same day.
How common are great white sharks in Mediterranean?
Sightings of great white sharks in the Mediterranean Sea are very rare. But white sharks have been caught in fishing nets in Turkey, Tunisia and Sicily in the Mediterranean. Great white shark sightings in the Mediteranean may become even rarer, as the population is already small which means the lack of diversity may threaten their survival as their gene pool is potentially stagnant.
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