The San Fransisco Maru was sunk during Operation Hailstone in 1944
This short article is to provide you with a few basic details about Japanese World War II wreck San Fransisco Maru. This is one of the many Truk Lagoon wrecks for scuba divers to enjoy in Chuuk Lagoon. Chuuk Lagoon is in Micronesia.
Truk Lagoon is the name these Pacific lagoons and islands were named in 1944 when they were in Japanese occupation. However, the name of Truk Lagoon was changed in 1990 to Chuuk Lagoon.
Scuba divers seem to use these two names synonymously. Whilst the correct name is Chuuk Lagoon, at the time San Fransisco Maru was sunk, which is now dived by scuba divers across the world, it was named Truk Lagoon.
Details of San Fransisco Maru dive of the Truk Lagoon wrecks
The San Francisco Maru dive is considered to be one of the most exciting dives in Chuuk Lagoon. She is packed with World War II artifacts from gas masks to a full size battle tank. But unfortunately for most scuba divers, she’s a very deep dive.
To enjoy this dive, you really need to be able to dive to at least 50 metres. The superstructure lies at about 42 metres (140 feet), but the deck is at 50 metres (164 feet). But to really enjoy the San Francisco Maru dive, you’ll need to go deeper than 50 metres.
To see the location of the San Francisco Maru on a map, please follow this link to: Truk Lagoon wreck map.
Due to her depth and because there’s so much to see, the ship is best explored on several dives or alternatively as a technical decompression stop dive by those trained to do so.
She is sitting upright in 42-64 metres (140-210 feet) of water. Divers will get to see a bow gun, trucks, tanks, mines, shells, bombs, aircraft engines, ammunition, china and depth charges on stern.
The San Francisco Maru wreck was a passenger cargo ship. She measured 117 metres (385 feet). She was 5,831 tons and operated in world trade operations in minerals such as coal, bauxite, and phosphate for transportation to the Japanese Empire. The word ‘Maru’ in Japanese ship naming protocol designates a merchant vessel.
The San Francisco Maru was 117 metres (385 feet) in length and weighed 5,831 tons. This passenger-Cargo ship was built in 1919 for Yamashita Kisen Kabushiki Kaisha.
Comments on San Fransisco Maru wreck
The first reported finding of the San Francisco Maru wreck was on Jacques Cousteau expedition there in 1969. It was during this expedition that the true extent of what was to be found in Chuuk Lagoon was uncovered. Not least the human remains there on a few of the wrecks.
The San Francisco Maru dive gives you a true sense of what it was like back on the 18th February 1944 when she was sunk during Operation Hailstone. The dive site is good as the water is mostly clear giving divers a good visibility dive.
She was sank by a bomb that hit the bridgehouse,which means this is not intact. But this is a blessing for divers going on the San Francisco Maru dive because if the bomb had hit one of the holds, she would have been completely destroyed.
This is because when you look inside her holds there are ammunition crates and artillery shells, torpedo bodies, aircraft bombs, cordite containers, hemispherical mines and depth charges that were stored. Had these suffered a direct hit, this dive would not be what it is today.
Visit the engine rooms and see the huge steel coal fired boilers with a huge engine to go with them.
To understand more about what happened at Truk Lagoon, please take a read of this article…what happened at Truk Lagoon in 1944.
San Fransisco Maru Truk Lagoon Micronesia wreck video
This is a video of the San Fransisco Maru truk Lagoon wreck.
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